There are a myriad of industrial chemicals. Certain are used in the production of consumer products, while others are used are used to generate energy and others are utilized in the manufacturing and production of industrial chemical. What are the essential chemicals in industrial manufacturing globally?
Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
Sulfuric acid is the largest and most widely-produced industrial chemical throughout the world. Its main industrial application is to produce the phosphoric acid that is a major ingredient in many chemical fertilizers. Sulfuric acid is a crucial ingredient in metal production specifically in the manufacture of zinc and copper and also in for cleaning steel. The production of sulfuric acid is growing by 3percent per year, and is driven by increasing demand in Asia. Asia-Pacific region.
Over 150 million tons ethylene are produced each year, more than other organic chemical. The demand for it can be attributed in large part to advances in the manufacture of polymers, especially polyethylenes. It is also utilized in the production of other industrial chemicals like ethanol. What is the process of producing ethylene? It is usually produced through steam cracking of crude oil that results from an operation commonly referred to by the term “fracking.”
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Sodium Hydroxide (NAOH)
Sodium Hydroxide is an organic compound that is vital to a variety of industries. It is used in industrial applications that range from paper production manufacturing of textiles and cleaning agents manufacturing. More than 70 million tons are produced annually. It’s usually made from the production of chlorine. Its popularity is largely due to its low cost and capability to “scrub” gases effectively to eliminate acids that are released during the burning.
Also known as propene or propylene can be described as an organic gas-based compound. It is a natural byproduct of the process of fermentation, making it an essential chemical compound to aid in the growth of the green chemistry industry. In addition, it’s manufactured by burning fossil fuels. Propene is vital to the petrochemical industry, and also as a raw ingredient for various products. More than 85 million tons are manufactured globally every year mostly for fuel or to make rubber/plastic.
Hundreds of millions of tons of nitrogen gas is produced every year. When combined with hydrogen nitrogen creates ammonia, which is an important industrial chemical. Nitrogen is utilized in various products, including dyes, fertilizers, fabrics and even explosives. Because it is gas, it produces an “unreactive atmosphere” which is why it’s beneficial for the preservation of food items as well as in the sterile electronic industry. In its liquid forms, it is crucial for research in medicine and for preservation. The production of nitrogen is typically done through an process known as fractional distillation.