Millions of individuals worldwide suffer from periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. It is a progressive disease that affects the gingival tissues and tooth-supporting structures. Understanding the early signs and symptoms of periodontal disease is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment. This article will discuss the symptoms of periodontal disease and offer advice if you suspect you have this condition.
Inflammation and Bleeding of the Gums
Redness, thickening, and tenderness of the gums are among the earliest symptoms of periodontal disease. Typically, healthy gums are robust and pale pink in colour. In the early phases of gum disease, the gums may be shiny, swollen, and prone to bleeding when brushed or flossed. If you observe persistent gingival inflammation and bleeding, it is essential to undergo a thorough dental examination.
Gum recession and visible tooth roots:
As periodontal disease advances, the gingival tissues may begin to recede, exposing an increasing number of tooth roots. You may observe the formation of small pockets between your teeth and gums if your gums recede, which can make your teeth appear longer. This can create spaces where bacteria can flourish, resulting in further infection and harm to the tooth’s supporting structures.
Chronic bad breath:
Persistent poor breath, or halitosis, can be an indication of periodontal disease. The accumulation of bacteria and infection in the gum pockets can generate malodorous gases, resulting in persistent bad breath. Regular brushing, flossing, and the use of mouthwash may provide transient relief, but gum disease must be treated for lasting freshness.
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Sensitivity to the teeth or loose teeth:
Additionally, periodontal disease can result in tooth sensitivity, particularly when ingesting hot or cold foods or beverages. The teeth may become unstable or shift position as the infection spreads and damages gum tissues and supporting bone structures. Tooth mobility is a significant sign of advanced periodontal disease that necessitates prompt professional treatment to prevent tooth loss.
Formation of Pus and Abscesses:
When periodontal disease becomes more severe, pus-filled cavities or abscesses may form around the teeth. Abscesses are infected cavities that can cause excruciating pain, swelling, and even fever. If you observe any symptoms of a tooth abscess, you must seek dental care immediately to prevent the infection from spreading.
What to Do Regarding Gum Disease:
If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is imperative that you take immediate action to treat periodontal disease. Here are some actions to take:
Appointment with a Dentist: Consult a dentist or periodontist who specialises in periodontal health. Through a thorough oral examination, they can determine the severity of your condition and recommend the most suitable treatment.
Maintain a comprehensive oral hygiene routine, including regular brushing, flossing, and the use of antiseptic mouthwash. The progression of periodontal disease can be slowed with proper oral hygiene, thereby preventing further complications.
Scaling and root planing, also known as a professional dental cleaning, can remove plaque, tartar, and pathogens from the gum line and tooth surfaces. This procedure aids in reducing gingival inflammation and controlling infection.
In advanced cases of periodontal disease, flap surgery, bone grafting, or guided tissue regeneration may be required to restore damaged gum and bone tissues.
Periodontal disease necessitates ongoing monitoring and maintenance. Regular dental examinations and cleanings are essential for monitoring the condition and preventing its recurrence or progression.
Recognising the symptoms of periodontal disease and adopting the necessary measures are essential for maintaining oral health. Early detection and treatment can aid in preventing further gum, tooth, and supporting structure injury. If you notice any signs of gum disease, you should consult with a dentist who can provide an accurate diagnosis and tailor a treatment plan to better your oral health. Remember that excellent oral hygiene practises and regular dental care are essential for preventing and treating periodontal disease.